Wednesday, 16 February 2011

lion of the desert

Lion of the Desert is a 1981 Libyan historical action film starring Anthony Quinn as Libyan tribal leader Omar Mukhtar fighting the Italian army in the years leading up to World War II. It was directed by Moustapha Akkad and funded by Muammar al-Gaddafi's government.

In 1929, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini (Rod Steiger) is still faced with the 20-year long war waged by patriots in Libya to combat Italian colonization and the establishment of 'The Fourth Shore' - the rebirth of a Roman Empire in Africa. Plastic 54mm 1920 Italians in Libya. Masde by an Italian or French firm in 1925
Mussolini appoints General Rodolfo Graziani (Oliver Reed) as his sixth governor to Libya, confident that the eminently accredited soldier can crush the rebellion and restore the dissipated glories of Imperial Rome.

Omar Mukhtar (Anthony Quinn) leads the resistance to the fascists. A teacher by profession, guerilla by obligation, Mukhtar has committed himself to a war that cannot be won in his own lifetime. Graziani controls Libya with the might of the Italian Army. Tanks and aircraft are used in the desert for the first time. The Italians also committed atrocities: killing of prisoners of war, destruction of crops, and hamletting populations behind barbed wire.

Crescent Arab

Despite their bravery, the Libyan Arabs and Berbers suffered heavy losses, their relatively primitive weaponry was no match for mechanised warfare; despite all this, they continued to fight, and managed to keep the Italians from achieving complete victory for 20 years. Graziani was only able to achieve victory through deceit, deception, violation of the laws of war and human rights, and by the use of tanks and aircraft.

Despite their lack of modern weaponry, Graziani recognised the skill of his adversary in waging guerilla warfare. In one scene, Mukhtar refuses to kill a defenseless young officer, instead giving him the Italian flag to return with. Mukhtar says that Islam forbids him to kill captured soldiers and demands that he only fight for his homeland, and that Muslims are taught to hate war itself.

In the end, Mukhtar is captured and tried as a rebel. His lawyer states that since Mukhtar had never accepted Italian rule, he cannot be tried as a rebel, and instead must be treated as a prisonder of war (which would save him from being hanged). The judge rejects this, and the film ends with Mukthar being executed by hanging.

 Censorship in ItalyThe Italian authorities had banned the film in 1982 because, in the words of Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, it was "damaging to the honor of the army. The last act of the government's intervention against the film was on April 7, 1987, in Trento; afterward, MPs from Democrazia Proletaria asked Parliament to show the movie at the Chamber of Deputies.
The movie was finally broadcast on television in Italy by Sky Italy on June 11 2009, during the official visit to Italy of Libya's leader Muammar al-Gaddafi.But never on National T.V . Most Italianms as you know have severe problems with truth and knowledge but thats not astonishing to you I suppose when understanding that the three clowned princes of something live here.
THE CLOWN PRINCE OF MILLSVILLE= Berlusconi. Thats his lawyer Mills in the U.K.
THE CLOWN PRINCE OF Giving monkey money to his wifes school and his son= BOSSI

 CastAnthony Quinn as Omar Mukhtar

Oliver Reed as Gen. Rodolfo Graziani

Irene Papas as Mabrouka

Raf Vallone as Colonel Diodiece

Rod Steiger as Benito Mussolini

John Gielgud as Sharif El Gariani

Andrew Keir as Salem

Gastone Moschin as Major Tomelli

Stefano Patrizi as Lt. Sandrini

Adolfo Lastretti as Colonel Sarsani

Sky Dumont as Prince Amadeo

Takis Emmanuel as Bu-Matari

Rodolfo Bigotti as Ismail

Robert Brown as Al Fadeel

Eleonora Stathopoulou as Ali's Mother

Luciano Bartoli as Captain Lontano

Claudio Gora as President of Court

Giordano Falzoni as Judge at Camp

Franco Fantasia as Graziani's Aide

Ihab Werfali as Ali

Ewen Solon

Loris Bazzocchi as (as Loris Bazoki)

Alec Mango

Filippo De Gara as (as Filippo Degara)

George Sweeney as Captain Biagi

Luciano Catenacci as Italian Soldier

Victor Baring

Pietro Brambilla as Young Soldier

Pietro Tordi as Field Marshal

Massimiliano Baratta as Capture Captain

Mario Feliciani as Lobitto

Gianfranco Barra as Sentry

Piero Gerlini as Barillo

Lino Capolicchio as Captain Bedendo

Destined to remain a dubious footnote in books of movie trivia, this occasionally impressive epic from 1981 was financed with a budget of $35 million by Libyan dictator Muammar Qaddafi, who previously attempted the role of movie producer with the critically roasted Mohammad: Messenger of God. This effort didn't fare much better (it grossed approximately $1 million worldwide), and although some of its wartime action sequences are intelligently filmed, it's not likely to gain much more of a reputation on home video.
Under a shaggy Muslim beard, Anthony Quinn stars as Omar Mukhtar, the Arab hero and guerilla fighter who defended Libya against Benito Mussolini and Italy's attempted conquests during World War II.
As straightforward biography, the movie's got an admirable epic sweep, but a cliché-ridden script and uniformly bad performances (from a cast that includes John Gielgud, Oliver Reed, and Rod Steiger) make this little more than a curiosity for those wanting to learn more about Libyan history.

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The year is 1929 and dictator Benito Mussolini (Rod Steiger) is still faced with the 20-year long war waged by Bedouin patriots to combat Italian colonization in Africa. Mussolini appoints General Rodolfo Graziani (Oliver Reed) governor of Lybia, confident that he can crush the rebellion and restore the glories of Imperial Rome.

Inspirational in the Bedouin resistance toward the oppressors is the leadership of one man - Omar Mukhtar (Anthony Quinn). A teacher by profession, guerrilla by obligation, Mukhtar has committed himself to a war that cannot be won in his lifetime.

Making a film of such epic proportions as Lion of teh Desert demanded the approach of planning a vast military campaign. Whole villages had to be built to house the cast and crew of 400 in remote filming locations, along with a medical center to treat ailments from scorpion stings, to heat stroke, to broken bones suffered in battle scenes.

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